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ACCESS1.TK            cours access serie1  en arab  



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Advanced Grammar.           

 

PART ,PART ,.3.,.3.

 

 

&     


 


&   

WRITING

 

 

 

 

 

 


 S t r a t e g y :

 

              strategy text:

             writing is a good exercise to detect, work on,  and correct grammar errors .

Zone de Texte: Free writing activity:


                           

     

          Write about a strange or funny experience that you have undergone or that one of  your friends or relatives has undergone in the past.

 

 

 


 

Zone de Texte: V E R B S

 

 

 

 

 


Verbs are defined as words that with nouns make a statement, a  command or a request, or ask a question about someone or something.

 

I/ MOOD  OF VERBS:      Verbs are divided into three moods:

 

      A/ the indicative mood that indicates facts and realities

Ø John is a doctor

Ø Are the students in class?

Ø Please forgive me !

 

B/ the imperative mood which is used to give orders.

Ø Do your homework right now.

Ø Don’t smoke in class.

 

C/ the subjunctive mood is used for hypothetical or contrary to fact  conditions.

Ø Indicative             :           Zineb exercises every day.

Ø Subjunctive          :           it’s necessary that Zineb exercise every day.

            it’s necessary that Zineb Be on time.

                                                           it’s necessary that Zineb Were  on time.

 

N.B :   

 

T  The subjunctive mood is always used in sentences introduced by expressions of influencing,

            asking, ordering and demanding such as:

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Verbs (all tenses) =   INFINITIVE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


T   With sentences that contain the words if  or  wish  we always use the plural    

           form of  be  (were) in the past never was:

 

Ø Zineb wishes she were  born in USA.

Ø If I were you I would choose to go to Dallas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II/ CAUSATIVE VERBS:

 

Causative verbs are the verbs which are used to cause or force someone to do something. The sentence has two subjects the main subject is not the doer of the action but he only causes the second subject to do the job.  The causative verbs are make, have and get.

 

Ø The teacher  has       Zineb review  the lesson.

Ø The teacher  makes  Zineb review  the lesson.

Ø The teacher  gets      Zineb to review  the lesson.

 

 

N.B:    Notice the different usage of   “to have”  used as a verb, as an auxiliary and as a  causative verb:

Ø As a verb (to possess)                        :           Linda has some homework to do.

Ø As an auxiliary (perfect tense)           :           Linda has done  her homework.

Ø As a causative verb                            :           Linda has Zineb do her homework.

 

 

Zone de Texte:      
 
 
 
 
 
    HAVE 
    MAKE 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
                                            
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                   GET

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


III/ SO – TOO // EITHER – NIETHER:

 

      Those four words are only used to avoid repetition. So and too are used to avoid a positive repetition while either and  neither avoid a negative repetition.

 

A/ Affirmative

 


Ø  Zineb is a student

Ø  John   is a student

 

 


Ø  Zineb studies very hard

Ø  John   studies very hard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Ø  Zineb can help me

Ø  John   can help me

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A/ Negative

 


Ø  Zineb isn’t a student

Ø  John   isn’t a student

 

 


Ø 

 

 

 

 

 

 

          Zineb doesn’t study very hard and:

 
Zineb doesn’t study very hard

Ø  John   doesn’t study very hard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Ø 

Ø  John  can’t  either

Ø  neither  can  John.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Zineb can’t  help me:

 
Zineb can’t  help me

Ø  John   can’t  help me

 

 

 

 

 

     IV/ BE USED TO // USED TO:

 

Be used to should always be followed by ”ING” and it refers to actions that we have just been familiar or accustomed to doing them. We didn’t in the past.

“Used to” should be used with past time habits that we had in the past but that we no more do or have

them now.

 

Ø   Clara  is used to    smoking  cigarettes.    (she didn’t in the past but now she starts smoking)

Ø   Clara  used to        smoke     cigarettes.    (she had the habit of smoking in the past but now she stopped)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


1.     While I was driving to work this morning, I……………………….about my briefing.

a.         Think

b.        Was think

c.         Will think

d.        Was thinking.

 

2.     first, I went to the movie; then I…….some pizza.

a.         eat

b.         will eat

c.         ate

d.         am eating.

 

3.     Before  the  firemen  could  extinguish the flames, the house……………..……………………………

a.         Will already burn down

b.         Was already burn down

c.         Is already burn down

d.         Had already burned down.

 

4.     When I was a child; I always ….....my homework.

a.         did

b.         do

c.         will do

d.         have done

 

5.     Before it was raining, we …...…..……..the picnic.

a.         cancel

b.         canceled

c.         are cancel

d.         cancels

 

6.     I ……………………..…the taste of raw tomatoes ever since I was a little boy.

a.         like

b.         am like

c.         liking

d.         have liked

 

7.     I  need  to  borrow  some  money  because  I ……………to bring my wallet this morning.

a.         forget

b.         am forget

c.         will forget

d.         forgot

 

8.     While I was in college, I…….on most of my tests.

a.         cheat

b.         have cheat

c.         cheated

d.         am cheating.

 

9.     You may leave now, unless you …………to hear the same lecture again.

a.         wanted

b.         want

c.         are wanting

d.         will be wanted.

10.  Just as I was walking into the classroom, the bell ………………..…….

a.         ring

b.         ringing

c.         rang

d.         did rung

 

11.  I will wait in the car  while you ….in the store.

a.         shops

b.         sopped

c.         will be shop

d.         shop.

 

12.  Before I could step on the brake, I..… the dog.

a.         will hit

b.         was hit

c.         hit

d.         have hit.

 

13.  Because it ……….……….so much last night, I was unable to play soccer.

a.         rain

b.         rains

c.         rained

d.         raining

 

14.  Just as I walked outside, it …….……..to rain.

a.         started

b.         starts

c.         starting

d.         is start

 

15.  Before I mail this letter tomorrow, I …..…..it.

a.         am reread

b.         will reread

c.         did reread

d.         rereading.

 

16.  I was sitting in my car when …………..……..

a.         the storm start

b.         starts the storm

c.         the storm started

d.         the storm is start

 

17.  While  you  are  taking  the  test  tomorrow, I………………..your papers.

a.         read

b.         am reading

c.         will be reading

d.         have read.

 

18.  the  policeman  shot  the  suspects  before  they ……………………………………..

a.         will surrender

b.         could surrender

c.         surrender

d.         are surrender


 

 

1.   Al’s doctor insists……….……for a few days.                9.   The  team really looks good tonight because the                   

(A) that he is resting                                            coach had them ………....every night this week.

(B) his resting                                                                        (A) practice

(C) him to rest                                                                        (B) to practice

(D) that he rest                                                                       (C) practiced

                                                                                                                      (D) the practice

2.   I don’t like iced tea, and …………………….

                        (A) she doesn’t too                                         10.  would you mind ……………………….please?

(B) either doesn’t she                                                             (A) to answer the telephone

(C) neither does she                                                               (B) answering the telephone

(D) she doesn’t neither                                                          (C) answer the telephone

                                                                                                                      (D) to the telephone answering

 

3.  We wish that you …………..…. such a lot of       11.  You …...…….…….your seats today if you want

     work,  because  we know that you would have             to go to the game.

     enjoyed the party.                                                             (A) had better to reserve                           

                        (A) hadn’t  had                                                                      (B) had to better reserve

                        (B) hadn’t                                                                              (C) had better reserve

(C) didn’t have had                                                                (D) hadn’t have                                                                  (D) had to reserve better

 

4.  Since your  roommate  is  visiting  her family       12.  If it ………….….so late, we could have coffee

                on the  weekend,……..…….you like to have                   (A)  wasn’t

                dinner with  us tonight?                                                     (B) isn’t

                        (A) Will                                                                                 (C) weren’t

                        (B) won’t                                                                               (D) not be

                        (C) do

            (D) wouldn’t     

                                                                                  13. Your sister used to visit you quite often, ……….

5.  Please …….…..….photocopies of documents.                            (A) didn’t she

                        (A) not to submit                                                                   (B) doesn’t she

                        (B) do not submit                                                                   (C) wouldn’t she

                        (C) no submit                                                                         (D) wouldn’t

                        (D) not submit                                                           

                                                                                                          14. If Bob ………...……….with us, he would have

6.  I……………...bacon and eggs every morning.                   had a good time.

                        (A) am used to eat                                                                 (A) would come

                        (B) used to eating                                                                   (B) would have come   

                        (C) am used to eating                                                             (C) had come

                        (D) used to eat                                                                       (D) came

 

 

7.  Frankly, I’d rather you …….……….anything                  15. We  were  hurrying because we thought that the

                  about it for the time being.                                                     Bell ……………………….

                        (A) do                                                                                    (A) had already rang

                        (B) didn’t do                                                                          (B) has already rang

                        (C) don’t                                                                                (C) had already rung

                        (D) didn’t                                                                               (D) have already ringing

 

8.  Since they  aren’t answering  their   telephone,

                  they …………………….

(A)    must have left

(B)    should have left

(C)    need have left

(D)    can have left

 

 

 

 

 

1.  I hadn’t  expected  James  to  apologize, but  I     9.  Would you please …………..…….write on the

     had Hoped ………….…………..                                     books?

(A) him calling me                                                                 (A) don’t

(B) that he would call me                                                       (B) not to

                        (C) him to call me                                                      (C) not

                        (D) that he call me                                                     (D) to not

 

2.  My  husband  lived  at  home  before  we were    10.  The old man asked her to move because

     married, and so …………………….                                         he …………………………..….in that chair.

(A) did I                                                                                 (A) used to sit

(B) had I                                                                    (B) was used to it

(C) I had                                                                    (C) used to sitting

(D) I did                                                                     (D) was used to sitting

 

            3.  Does your new secretary ……….…shorthand?    11.  After the way she treated you, if I……….in

                        (A) know to take                                                   your  place, I  wouldn’t  return  the  call.

                        (B) know how to take                                                (A) be

                        (C) know how take                                                                (B) am

                        (D) know how taking                                                 (C) was

(D) were

 

            4.  Tommy had his big brother……….……….his                 12.  If  I…………..….the flu I would have gone

                shoes for him                                                                            with you.

                        (A) will tie                                                                             (A) hadn’t

                        (B) tie                                                                         (B) hadn’t had

                        (C) tied                                                                       (C) didn’t have

                        (D) tying                                                                    (D)wouldn’t have had

 

            5. I wish that the weather………..….not so warm      13.  He’s taken his medicine, ……………….?

                        (A) was                                                                                  (A) hasn’t he

                        (B) be                                                                                    (B) didn’t he

                        (C) were                                                                     (C)  doesn’t he

                        (D) is                                                                         (D) isn’t he

 

            6.  His  English  teacher  recommends  that                           14.  Your mother and I are looking forward…………

                 he …………….a regular degree program.                                you.

                        (A) begin                                                                    (A) of seeing

                        (B) begins                                                                  (B) for seeing

                        (C) will begin                                                             (C) to see

                        (D)is beginning                                                                      (D) to seeing

 

7.  Let’s go out for dinner, …………..………….?             15.  It is imperative that you …………….there

                                                                                           in person.     

                        (A) will we                                                                 (A) be                                                   

                        (B) don’t we                                                               (B) will be                                                       

                        (C) shall we                                                                (C) will                                                                                   (D) are we                                                                  (D) are                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

8.  I’d ……....the operation unless it is absolutely

      necessary.

(A)   rather not have

(B)    not rather had

(C)    rather not to have

(D)   rather not having

 

 

 

1.  The brakes need……………………….....             9.  The  man who was  driving the truck would not

(A)   adjusted                                                           admit that he had been at fault, and…………....

                        (B) to adjustment                                                        (A) neither the other driver

                        (C) to adjust                                                                           (B) neither would the other driver

                        (D) adjusting                                                                          (C) neither had the other driver

                                                                                                                      (D) the other driver neither

2.  I wish that we …...……....with my brother

                   when he flies to England next week.                              10.  If it……...…rain, we’ll have the party outside.

                        (A) could go                                                                          (A) wouldn’t

                        (B) had gone                                                                          (B) doesn’t

                        (C) will go                                                                              (C) didn’t

                        (D) are going                                                                          (D) won’t

 

3.  Are you sure Miss smith ……………....use           11.  Excuse  me,  but  it  is  time  to  have  your

                the new  equipment?                                                    temperature…………………………...…....

                        (A) knows to                                                                          (A) taking

                        (B) knows the                                                                        (B) to take

                        (C) knows how to                                                                  (C) take                                                                                                                                                

                        (D) knows how                                                                      (D) taken

 

4.  Mary and John ……………....to the parties                      12.  Almost everyone fails …………………....the 

    at the Student Union every Friday.                                driver’s test on the first try.

                        (A) used to go                                                                        (A) passing

                        (B) use to go                                                                          (B) to have passed

                        (C) are used to go                                                                  (C) to pass

                        (D) were used to go                                                               (D) in passing

 

5.  You …..…....me, because I didn’t say that.           13.  Mike had hoped …………………....his letter.

                        (A) must misunderstand                                                         (A) her to answer

                        (B) must be misunderstanding                                    (B) that she answer

                        (C) must have misunderstood                                    (C) that she would answer

                        (D) had to misunderstand                                                      (D) her answering

 

6.   ………….....you rather sit by the window?          14.  I think that you had better…………………....

                        (A) Don’t                                                               earlier  so  that  you  can get  to class on  time.

                        (B) will                                                                                  (A) to start to get up

                        (C) wouldn’t                                                                          (B) started getting up

                        (D) won’t                                                                   (C) start getting up

                                                                                                                      (D) to get up

7.  His government insisted that he……..…....

                until he finished his degree.                                               15.  Today’s  weather  isn’t  as  cold  as  it  was                                          

                        (A) should stay                                                                yesterday, ………………………………....?

                        (B) shall stay                                                                          (A) wasn’t it

                        (C) stayed                                                                              (B) was it

                        (D) stay                                                                      (C) isn’t it

                                                                                                          (D) is it

8.   After he had researched and……..…….his

                  paper  he  found some additional  material

      that he  should have included.

(A)     wrote

(B)     written

(C)     writing

(D)     have written

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zone de Texte: PRONOUNS:

 

 

 

 

 


Pronouns are words which are used to substitute or replace nouns to avoid repetition, emphasize or for other reasons. We have four main types of pronouns:

 

v  Subject pronouns are used to replace the subject of a sentence ( the doer of the action ),   

            while Object pronouns substitute for the object of the sentence ( receiver of the action ).

                                              

  

         (The receiver of the action)

 
 The teacher       helps           John.

                                                          (The doer of the action)

 

the action

 

 


                                                

 

 

 

                                       Ü     He            helps            him.

 

 

v  Possessive pronouns are used to show possession and ownership.

 

   That’s my money, It’s not yours or hers.

 

v  Reflexive or emphatic pronouns are used only to emphasize that the subject of the 

       sentence is the actual performer of the action. They can never be used as the main   

       subject of a sentence.

 

   The president,  himself,  told me the truth.

 

 

Zone de Texte: Types  of  Pronouns:

 

 

 

 


SUBJECT PRONOUNS

 

 

OBJECT PRONOUNS

 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

 

REFLEXIVE  PRONOUNS

 

 

 

 

I

Me

My    /  mine

Myself

You

You

Your                         /    yours

Yourself

He

Him

His    /  his

Himself

She

Her

Her                  /  hers

Herself

It

It

Its                  /  its

Itself

We

Us

Our    /  ours

Ourselves

You

You

Your  /  yours

Yourselves

They

Them

Their  /  theirs

Themselves

 

 

N.B:                Subjective pronouns are used to replace the subject of the sentence while objective  

                 pronouns  substitute for the receiver of the action which is the object.

 

Ø Zineb   visits  Linda.

Ø She       visits  her.

 

                         So, when we want to use a subject pronoun we should look for the doer of the action in the sentence. However, to use an object pronoun we should search for the receiver of the action.

 

 

 


 

1.       The mother took…………...…..sick dog to the doctor.

a)      her

b)      its

c)      those

d)      his

 

2.       Where is …………………………….….book?

a)      me

b)      an

c)      these

d)      my

 

3.       I bought a new CD, but now I can’t find…..….

a)      them

b)      they

c)      it

d)      him

 

4.       Please give the new books to……………….…

a)      him and  I

b)      he and  I

c)      me and he

d)      him and me

 

5.       The commanding officer………………….will

         inspect  the barracks.

a)      themselves

b)      himself

c)      ourselves

d)      itself

 

6.       My mother lost…………………………..keys.

a)      hers

b)      his

c)      it’s

d)      her

 

7.       Give me that book! It’s………………………..

a)      mine

b)      himself

c)      herself

d)      ourselves

 

8.       I don’t want to be in a class with ….…….

         student who speaks Spanish all the time.

a)      others

b)      other

c)      another

d)      some others

 

9.       My wife hurt………………………………

a)      himself

b)      sheself

c)      ourself

d)      herself

 

 

10.    The car …………..I bought was a bargain.

a)      who

b)      which

c)      whom

d)      what

 

11.    Mind  your  own  business.  This  is  an argument between………….……...…..

a)      Joe and I

b)      He and I

c)      Him and I

d)      Him and me.

 

12.    He gave ………….bicycles for Christmas.

a)      My brother and I

b)      My brother and me

c)      I and my brother

d)      Me brother and I.

 

13.    That is …………….……………..……car.

a)      me

b)      my

c)      he

d)      him

 

14.    My father  took……..car to the repair shop yesterday.

a)      her

b)      his

c)      its

d)      me.

 

15.    The girls did this report all by…………….

a)      herselves

b)      theyselves

c)      themselves

d)      theirselves

 

16.    I want to thank you for inviting my wife and……………………………to dinner.

a)      I

b)      me

c)      we

d)      he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

  1.  Tito was the only foreigner ……..…….I saw             9.  Do you know the woman ………. was hurt

                 at the convention.                                                       in the accident?

                        (A) whom                                                                   (A) which

                        (B) which                                                                    (B) whom

                        (C) who                                                                      (C) who

                        (D)  what                                                                    (D) whose

 

2.  They forgot about …….…….them to join us                   10.  I would like to leave a message for ……… if

     for lunch.                                                                     I may.

                        (A) us to ask                                                              (A) they

                        (B) us asking                                                              (B) them

                        (C) our asking                                                            (C) their

                        (D) we asking                                                             (D) theirs

 

3.  Our host family always invites my roommate       11.  A few of …………….. are planning to drive     

                  and ………..….to their house on Sundays.                        Florida during spring break.

                        (A) me                                                                        (A) who

                        (B) my                                                                       (B) us girls

                        (C) I                                                                           (C) girls we

                        (D) mine                                                                    (D) girls

 

4.  Because they usually receive the same score                    12.  This is the woman …….….…. the artist said

     on standardized  examination, there  is often                      posed as a model for the painting.

     disagreement as to ……………..is the better                                (A) who

                        (A) who                                                                     (B) whom

                        (B) which                                                                   (C) which

                        (C) whom                                                                   (D) whose

                        (D) whose

                                                                                              13.  Of  those  who took the  exam with Jane and

5.  I really appreciate ……. to help me, but I am                    …………….. I am the only one who studied

     sure that I  will be able to manage  by myself                    for it.

                        (A) you to offer                                                         (A) he

                        (B) your offering                                                       (B) his

                        (C) that you offer                                                       (C) him

                        (D) that you are offering                                            (D) himself

 

6.  Let you and …………….. agree to settle our        14.  Two of notebooks ………... Tom had lost on

                 differences  without  involving  any  of   the                           the bus were returned  to the main desk at his

                 other students.                                                              dormitory.

                        (A) I                                                                           (A) what

                        (B) myself                                                                  (B) who

                        (C) me                                                                                   (C) which

                        (D) my                                                                                   (D) whose

 

7.  If you had told us earlier ………….. he was,                   15.  He didn’t seem to mind ………………… TV

                 we could have introduced him at the meeting.              while he Was trying to study.

                        (A) who                                                                      (A) their watching

                        (B) which                                                                   (B) that they watch

                        (C) whom                                                                   (C) them watching

                        (D) whoever                                                               (D) them to watch

 

8.  I always ask my sister and ……... for advice.

                        (A) her

                        (B) she

                        (C) hers

                        (D) herself

 

 

 

Zone de Texte: N O U N S:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


I/ CARDINAL AND ORDINAL NUMBERS:

     

Cardinal numbers are used to give the number of things while ordinal numbers are used to give the exact order or classification of things:

A.     Zineb has  two  books.

B.     Zineb has  the second  book.

C.     Zineb has  book  two.

 

In sentence  “A”  the word two is used to show the number of the books. However in both sentences “B” and “C” we have only one book but it’s the second one not the first or the third, so the words “the second” and “two” are  used only to show the order of this book.

 

 

 

 

     II/ MODIFIERS AND DETERMINERS:

 

There are some modifiers that may be used only with count nouns (nouns that may be counted and made plural). There are some other modifiers that can be used only with non-count nouns (nouns that can not be counted or made plural). The third category are the modifiers that may be used with both types; count and non-count nouns:

 

 

 

Modifiers

Used with Count Nouns

 

 

Modifiers

Used with Non Count Nouns

 

Modifiers

Used with Both Count Nouns

And Non Count Nouns

 

 

 

Few – a few

Many

A number of

Each – every – both – several 

 

 

 

Little – a little

Much

A great deal of

An amount of

 

 

 

Not any / no

Some – a lot of

Plenty of

Most – all

 

 

 

 

      John needs some money. He decided to ask some friends to give him few dollars.

      I need plenty of money to buy a number of  T- shirts and several blue Jeans.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       Exercise I:       Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words to complete the following sentences:

 

 

 

 

 

      


1.   Most  people want……………………..…….

a.    the freedom

b.    many freedom

c.    freedom

d.    lots freedom

 

2.   I want to buy………………...….…cigarettes.

a.    a

b.    some

c.    an

d.    a few of

 

3.   The teacher gives……….………..homework.

a.    too much

b.    many

c.    lot

d.    a

 

4.   Please may I have……….………..…..coffee.

a.    any

b.    both

c.    some

d.    much.

 

5.   I lost ………………………….…..….money.

a.    all

b.    my all

c.    all of me

d.    all of my

 

6.   I want a picture of……….…….…..elephants.

a.    the three

b.    those three

c.    them three

d.    this three

 

7.   There are ………….....cars in the parking lot.

a.    too much

b.    some much

c.    too many

d.    some many

 

8.   I bought……………………...……..…..book.

a.    some old

b.    old

c.    these old

d.    an old

 

9.       The police said they captured…….….robbery suspects.

a.    both of

b.    the both

c.    one

d.    both of the

10.    To get 100 on  the  ECL  test is  extremely    difficult. ……….students manage to do that.

a.    few

b.    a few

c.    some

d.    many

 

11.     I bought …………….….pies for the buffet.

a.    a

b.    one

c.    an

d.    several

 

12.     Tell ………………..students that they will  

          take the test.

a.    all of five

b.    the all five

c.    all five

d.    all the of five.

 

13.     The kids ate………….candy before supper.

a.    too many

b.    some of

c.    lot

d.    too much.

 

14.     I bought …….……….roses for my mother.

a.    severals red beautiful

b.    beautiful  red several

c.    beautiful several red

d.    several beautiful red.

 

15.     I like studying.……..……kind of exercise.

a.    this

b.    these

c.    those

d.    many.

 

16.     People in some countries don’t have…..……

a.    same freedoms

b.    those freedom

c.    the freedom

d.    freedom.

 

17.     I don’t like………….…..…...….exercises.

a.    this

b.    these

c.    those

d.    them.

 

 

 

 

 

 



1.  Please go to ……….……. pick up your ID card.        9.  It’s shame that  you have …..…….. time in New

                        (A) third window                                                 York on the tour.

                        (B) the window three                                                  (A) so few

                        (C) window third                                                        (B) so little

                        (D) the third window                                                  (C) a few

                                                                                                          (D) a little

 

2.  May I have two …………….... instead of beans,                  10.  We haven’t had ……….news from the disaster

            please?                                                                              since the earthquake.

(A) corn’s ear                                                             (A) many

(B) ear of corns                                                                      (B) quite a few

(C) corn ears                                                              (C) much

(D) ears of corn                                                         (D) some

 

3.  If  you  want  to find  good  information  about     

graduate  programs in  the  United  States,  look         11.  John F. Kennedy was  …..…….. of the U.S.A.

in ……………..….. of the College Blue Books.                                (A) he thirty-five president

(A)  volume two                                                         (B) the thirty-fifth president

(B)  volume second                                                    (C) the president thirty-fifth

(C)  the volume two                                                   (D) president the thirty-five

(D)     a few dollar

 

4.  Let’s buy our tickets while I still have…………..       12.  I’ll have a cup of tea and ……………………..

    left.                                                                                    (A) two toasts

(A) a few money                                                        (B) two piece of toasts

(B) a few dollar                                                          (C) two piece of toast

(C) a few dollars                                                        (D) two pieces of toast

                        (D) few moneys         

         13.  The  ticket  agent  said that the plane would be

         boarding at…………………….……………..

                      (A) the gate six

            (B) sixth gate

(C) gate six

(D) the six gate

 

  14.  The Chicago bus is parked at…………..……..

(A)  the lane two

(B)   the two lane

(C) lane two

(D) lane the two

 

  15.  We don’t have ………………….…... tonight

(A)  many homeworks

(B)   much homeworks

(C)   many homework

(D) much homework

 
           

5.  The  assignment  for  Monday  was  to  read

…………………………….. in your text books.

(A)   Chapter tenth                                                 11. The ticket agent said that the plane would be

(B)    the chapter ten                                                      boarding at_________

(C)    chapter the tenth                                                             (A) the gate six

(D)   the tenth chapter                                                             (B) sixth gate

                                                                                                    (C) gate six

6. I always put my best ……….. ...in a safe-deposit                         (D) the six gate

      box.

                  (A) jewelries

                        (B) jewlry’s pieces

                        (C) pieces of jewelry

                  (D) piece of jewelries

 

7.  I will need ……...….. about the climate before I     14. The Chicago bus is parked at________

      make a final decision.                                                                       (A) the lane two

                 (A) a few informations                                              (B) the two lane

                 (B) a few information                                                (C) lane two

                  (C) a little informations                                              (D) lane the two

                  (D) a little information

                                                                                        15. We

8.  Sending ……...… express mail” costs about ten   (A) many s

      times  as  much  as sending it “regular delivery.”                                                                             (C) many                                      (A) mails                                                                    (D) much homework

                  (B) a mail

                  (C) a piece of mail                                                                  

                  (D) pieces of a mail

 

 

 

Zone de Texte: MODIFIERS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


I/   ARTICLES:

     

T  “A” and “An” are indefinite articles that should be used with count nouns (C.N) but never with non-count nouns (N.C.N).

Ø  John is a rich person (C.N).  He has money  (N.C.N) to burn.

     

T  “The”  is a definite article that may be used with count nouns and non-count nouns.

Ø  John is the rich person (C.N) who has the money  (N.C.N) to burn.

 

 

 

II/   SO /  TOO:

 

Both so and too are used to modify as well as intensify adjectives but “so” expresses the excess of something with the possibility of doing it while “too” shows also the excess of  something but with the impossibility of doing it.

 

Ø  The coffee is so  hot but I can drink it.

Ø  The coffee is too  hot,   I can’t drink it.

 

 

 

III/   COMPOUND NOUNS:

 

            When a noun functions as the adjective of another noun it’s always in its singular form even when it’s plural.

 

Ø  My daughter has  six years.      ( year   =  a noun ).

Ø  She  is  a  six  year  girl.           ( year   =  adjective  of the noun girl ).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. She hasn’t seen her family ……….. three years                9.  The one in the window was ……….. expensive

          ago.                                                                                     that I couldn’t afford it.

                        (A) since                                                                                (A) so

                        (B) for                                                                                   (B) too

                        (C) from                                                                                (C) too much

                        (D) before                                                                  (D) very

 

2. Just put your coat in………..                                             10.  We used to go skiing in Michigan every winter

(A) the hall closet                                                       but I haven’t gone …….... the past five seasons.

(B) the closet of the hall                                                        (A) from

(C) the hall’s closet                                                                (B) for

(D) hall closet                                                                        (C) to

                                                                                                       (D) since

 

3. Bill came to work at the University thirty years    11.  It is……….. day that travel advisories have            

    ……….. to day.                                                            been issued for most of the major highways. 

                     (A) since                                                                    (A) such snowy    

                     (B) before                                                                              (B) so snowy

(C) from                                                                                (C) such a snowy       

(D) ago                                                                       (D) such snowy a       

                                                                                          

4.  This drink tastes a little ……….. to me.                12. Our reservation are for ………..

(A) strongly                                                                (A) sixth June

(B) so strong                                                              (B) six June

(C) strong                                                                   (C) the sixth of June

(D) too much strong                                                   (D) the six of June

 

5.  I like these dishes, but……….. is a little too                     13.  They listened……….. while the examiner

    small.                                                                             gave them the directions Part I.

(A) the tea cup                                                                       (C) attentive                                                         

(B) the cup of tea                                                       (B) attentively

(C)the tea’s cup                                                          (C) attentiveness

(D) tea cup for the tea                                                (D) attention

 

6.  My sister has a……….. baby .                              14.  The cookies that you sent over were…….. that

(A) two-months-old                                               I ate them all.

(B) two-month-olds                                                    (A) very good

(C) tow-months-olds                                                  (B) too good

(D) two-month-old                                                     (C) so good

                                                                                                       (D) good

 

7.  Jacobson’s is one of the most expensive              15.  You can give me a receipt if you want to, your

      …………….. in the city.                                              word is……………………...….…….. for me.

(A) departments store                                                 (A) enough good

(B) department stores                                                 (B) good as enough

(C) departments stores                                                           (C) good enough

(D) department stores                                                 (D) good than enough

 

8.  I don’t understand how John could have

     made ………….……….. in judgement.

(A)   such big mistake

(B)    such a big mistake

(C)    so a big  mistake

(D)   so big mistake

 

 

 

 

1. Sam usually does his work very ……….. and       9.  Could you please tell me the……………….. for

    well, but today he seemed preoccupied.                     Biology 457 and Chemistry610?

(A) careful                                                                 (A) rooms number

(B) careful manner                                                     (B) room number

(C) carefully                                                              (C) room’s number

(D) care                                                                      (D) room  numbers

 

2. Besides  being  expensive,  the  food  in  the                     10.  I think it’s ………. to take a few more pictures.

    Cafeteria tastes …………………..                                     (A) enough light

(A) badly                                                                   (B) light as enough

(B) too badly                                                              (C) light enough

(C) too much bad                                                       (D) enough as light

(D) bad

 

3. ………….. here since 1976 when her parents                   11.  Last Sunday was ……………….. that we took

   moved from New York.                                                 a drive in the country.

(A) She’s lived                                                                       (A) so beautiful day

(B) She’s living                                                                      (B) such a beautiful a day

(C) She was living                                                      (C) such a beautiful day

(D) She’d live                                                             (D) so beautiful a day

 

4. We’ll get …….... by train if we leave tonight.                   12.  The conference  was  organized  for  all of  the

(A) fast enough there                                             ……………………………….….. in the state.

(B) there fast enough                                                 (A) mathematic teachers

(C) there enough fast                                                 (B) mathematics teachers

(D) enough fast there                                                 (C) mathematics teacher

                                                                      (D) mathematic’s teachers

 

5. If the cab arrives …...……….., you will miss                    13.  It is difficult to find a …………...…….. in the

    your flight.                                                                    Washington area for less than $ 1200 a month.

            (A) lately                                                                    (A) two-bedroom apartment.

(B) lateness                                                                (B) two-bedrooms apartment

(C) more later                                                             (C) two-bedrooms apartments

(D) late                                                                                  (D) two-bedroom apartments

                                                                                 

6. It was …………..... that we went camping in         14.  I  am  especially  glad  that  Bob  decided  to               the mountains last weekend.                                                     come  to  the  party because we had not seen

(A) such nice weather                                           him ………………….……...several months.

(B) so nice a weather                                                 (A) since

(C) too nice weather                                                   (B) until

(B) nice weather so                                                    (C) before

                                               (D) for

                                                          

7. The  homecoming  football  game  will  be                        15.  John  and  I  like  to  watch  the  game  on  TV

    played on …………….…..                                            because we can see more ………than we could

(A) two September                                                 from a seat in the stadium.

(B) the second of September                                                  (A) clear

(C) September  tow                                                    (B) clearness

(D) the tow of  September                                          (C) clearly

                                                                                                       (D) clearer

8. Mary overslept and was …….….. late that                       

    she missed her bus.                                                           

(A) so                                                                        

(B) too

(C)much

(D) very

 

 

 

 

Zone de Texte:      COMPARATIVES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


N.B:

 

T  Never forget that those words should always be considered as one:

 

The same as                Different from

Alike                            Like

Similar                        Similar To

The same                    Not + As + Adj + As

                                         As +Adj + As              Not + So + Adj + As.

 

Ø  My car is the same as yours, but John’s car is different from ours.

Ø  The teacher is angry because our exams papers are alike.

 

 

 

T  Coordinate comparative is used when both things being compared are related to   

          each  other. One depends upon the other. When the first element is up the second    

          one increases in parallel and vise versa.

 

Ø  The more you study, the more  you progress.

Ø  The earlier  Zineb comes, the sooner we will arrive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.  I will return your  notes as soon as ….…..…..      8.  This new soap is much …………….. the others

     coping them.                                                              that I have tried.

(A)  I will finish                                                         (A)  different

(B)  I do finish                                                                       (B)  different that

(C)  I finish                                                                (C)  different from

(D)  I be finished                                                       (D)  different that

 

2.  ……………….……. the worse I seem to feel.      9. Ms. Jones isn’t as nice …………….. Ms. Smith.

(A)  When I take more medicine                                (A)  as

(B)  The more medicine I take                                               (B)  for

(C)  Taking more of the medicine                              (C)  like

(D)  More medicine taken                                          (D)  to

 

3.  We  will  have  to  be  careful  not  to  get  our     10.  The rooms in graduate Towers are……..……..

    suitcases  mixed  up  because  yours is  almost              Patterson Hall.

     the same …………………………….... mine.                   (A)  larger than

(A)  like                                                                     (B)  larger than that of

(B)  to                                                                        (C)  larger than those in

(C)  as                                                                        (D)  larger than in

(D)  that                                                                    

11.  We’ll be there as soon as we ………..…….. a  

4.  My new glasses cost me …….….. the last pair                   babysitter for our son.

     that  I  bought.                                                                  (A)  find

                        (A)  times three                                                                      (B)  found

                        (B)  three times more                                                             (C)  have found

                        (C)  three times as much as                                        (D)  was found

(D)  as much three times as

                                                                                              12.  They are ……………….. my other neighbors.

5. Although  she  is  very  popular,  she  is  not                                 (A)  more friendlier than

    …………………………………….. her sister.                    (B)  friendly than

(A)  pretty as                                                              (C)  friendly as

(B)  as pretty                                                              (D)  friendlier than

(C)  prettier than                                            

(D)  more pretty than                                      13.  Tuition at American university runs……..…..

                                                                                                   six thousand dollars a semester.

         6.  We are going to Florida as soon as …………..                 (A)  so high as

              taking our final exams.                                                     (B)  as high to

                     (A)  we’re finish                                                        (C)  as high as

                     (B)  we’ll finish                                                                     (D)  as high than

                     (C)  we’d finish                                                                    

                     (D)  we  finish                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                           14.  ……….. I get to know her, the more I like her

         7.  I would have paid …..…….. for my car if the                 (A)  For more

             salesman had insisted,  because I really                             (B)  More                                           

             wanted it.                                                                           (C)  The more

(A)     as much twice                                                    (D)  The most

(B)     much  twice

(C)     twice as much

(D)     times two

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zone de Texte: EMBEDDED QUESTIONS…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Double negations and double questions forms are considered as a common mistake in English the reason why we should try our best to avoid them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       Where  is  the post-office please ?

 

 

  

 

 

                              

 

 

 

                                       The post-office  is near the hospital.

 

 

But we say:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


    I would like you to tell me.....

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                              (Affirmative)

 

Where  the post-office  is.

 
Please tell me.....

    Please show....

    I wonder.....

    I want to know.....

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

            1.We  are  considering  buying  a  house  in               9. We had a disagreement……….. the bus was late.

   Gainesville,  but  we  want  to  find  out                             (A) because of

   ………………………….….. there first.                              (B) caused of

(A) what the taxes are                                                            (C) because

(B) what are the taxes                                                            (D) caused

(C) the taxes what  are                                                          

(D) the taxes are                                             10. …………………….. the light rain, the baseball

                                                                                              game  will  not  be  cancelled  unless  the  other

            2.Betty  moved  from  the  dormitory                               team  concedes.

   ……………………….... the noise.                                     (A) despite of

(A)    because of                                                                      (B) despite in                         

(B)    cause                                                                   (C) In despite

(C)    because                                                               (D) despite

(D)    caused from                                                                  

 

3. I didn’t hear ………..…….. when he gave             11. I don’t have any idea what ...….. for graduation.

    us the assignment.                                                              (A) does she want

(A) what the professor says                                       (B) she wants.

(B) that the professor said                                          (C) she want   

(C) what the professor said                                        (D) is she wanting      

(D) whish the professor says                                     

 

4. He  had to borrow a little money from  his                        12. We were both pleased ………….. honored to be

    brother ………………….. he could finish                         guests of the president.

    his  education without working.                                        (A) also

(A) so as                                                                                (B) and

(B) that                                                                                  (C) alike

(C) so that                                                                              (D) as

(D) in order so                                                          

 13. I wonder ……………………………... on sale.

      5. I  wonder  where………..………………..                                     (A) how much cost these shoes

(A) he did go                                                              (B) how much do these shoes cost

(B) did he go                                                              (C) how much these shoes cost

(C) he went                                                                (D) how much are these shoes cost

(D) went he                                                       

 

                                                                                        14. We moved to the front row ………….…….. we

6. Both Mary and Ellen, ………….. Jane, are                        could hear and see better.

         studying  nursing  at New York University.                        (A) so as

(A) as well as                                                            (B) so that

                        (B) well                                                                      (C) such

                        (C) as well to                                                              (D) such that

(D) and well as

 

            7. James  plays  not  only  on  the  basketball            15. Could you please tell me where ………….…..?

                squad …………………………………....                           (A) is the nearest bus stop located

                        (A) but on the baseball team                                      (B) the nearest bus stop is located

                        (B) but on the baseball team also                                           (C) is located the nearest bus stop

                        (C) also on the baseball team                                     (D) located is the nearest bus stop

                        (D) but also on the baseball team

 

8. …………….. his wealth, he is not spoiled.

                        (A) Despite of

                        (B) In despite

(B)   In spite of

(D) In spite

 

 

1. The data  on  the  winter  migration  patterns               8. In office longer than any other president,

                of the  Monarch butterfly is very ……….…..                        Franklin  Delano Roosevelt was elected

                        (A) interested                                                      …………………………….. four terms.

                        (B) interest                                                                 (A) while

                        (C) interesting                                                             (B) from

                        (D) of interest                                                                        (C) of

                                                                                                          (D) for

2. The cost of a thirty-second commercial on a

                network  television  station  is  $300.000,              9. California, ……….. more populous state

    ……………………….. for most businesses.                           than any of its Western neighbors, has

                        (A) so much                                                        greater representation in the House.

                        (B) much                                                                    (A) a

                        (C) very much                                                                       (B) it is a

                        (D) much too much                                                               (C) that a

                                                                                                        (D) is a

3. In the ocean, …………………….. more salt

                in the deeper water                                                 10. ……….. pine trees bear cones.

                        (A) is there                                                                 (A) Virtually types

                        (B) it may be                                                              (B) All types virtually of

                        (C) there is                                                                 (C) Virtually all types of

                        (D) it is                                                                                  (D) Types all virtually

 

4. Aluminum  is  used in  construction  because                    11. How many musical notes of the 11,000

                although  it  is light,  it can  hold up to ninety                    tones that human ear can distinguish

                pounds  of  pressure  per  square  inch                        ……….. in the musical scale?

    without  ……………………….……..                                (A) it is

                        (A) it cracks                                                               (B) is it

                        (B) to crack                                                                            (C) there are

                        (C) cracking                                                               (D) are there

                        (D) it will crack                                                                             

                                                                                              12. The  tendency  to  develop  cancer,  even

                                                                                                    in high-risk individuals, can be decreased

5. By the second year of production, the price                            ………………….. the amount of fruit and

                of a new piece of technology………….…..                             vegetables in the diet.

                significantly.                                                                                  (A) to increase

                        (A) will decreased                                                                  (B) for increase

                        (B) has decreased                                                       (C) for increasing

                        (C) will have decreased                                                         (D) by increasing

(D) will has decreased

 

6. If endangered species ……………………..                       13. In spite of the fact that 85 percent

               saved ,rainforests must be protected.                                   Of all societies allow the men to take

                        (A) are to be                                                                     more than one wife, most prefer monogamy

                        (B) be                                                                   ……….. polygamy

                        (C) can be                                                                   (A) than

            (D) will be                                                                             (B) to

                                                                                                         (C) for                                                                                                                                                                                 (D) that

7. A  colony  of  ants  is  often  observed

                 ………..…….. in cooperative activity.                  14. The average spoken sentence in conversational

(A) engaging                                                        English takes 2,5 ……………………………..

(B)to engages                                                             (A) for to complete

(C)engage                                                                   (B) completing

(D)engages                                                                 (C) to complete

(D) by completing

 

 

Do  your  best  to respect  time  limit..

Use  the  grammar  guidelines  As

cues to find out answers

to difficult questions.

Good lack.

 

            

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Final  Test :


   


 

PART A :           This section tests your ability to recognize language that is  appropriate  

                               for  written English grammar, word order, usage,    sentence structure and your 

                               understanding of an acceptable style of writing English.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. On the average, a healthy heart…….... to pump    8. The Pilgrims……..…..seven thousand dollars At

    five  tablespoons of  blood  with  every  beat.                        43 %  interest to make their journey in 1620.

(A) must                                                                     (A) lent

(B) ought                                                                    (B) borrowing

(C) can                                                                       (C) to lend

(D) should                                                                  (D) borrowed

                                                                                 

2. Only  twenty  years ago,  most  doctors  agreed     9. Stained glass becomes even more beautiful when

    ……...truthful with their terminally ill patients,          it ……..…...because the corrosion diffuses Light.

    a  trend  that  has  reserved  itself  in  modern                               (A) will age

    medical practice.                                                                (B) ages

(A) don’t to be                                                                       (C) are aging

(B) not to be                                                               (D) aged

(C) we shouldn’t been                                               

(D) not to been                                                                     

 

3. The New English states have had ……………..     10. All of the senses ………….…..smell must pass

    serious earthquakes  since  the  Ice  Age .                    through intermediate gateways to be processed.

(A) none                                                                    (A) until

(B) not any                                                                 (B) but

(C) not                                                                                   (C) to

(D) no                                                                         (D) for

 

4. ……………………..…..orangutans live alone.      11. Some  hybrid  flowers retain  the fragrant scent 

(A) Near all                                                         of the non hybrid, and…………………………..

(B) Almost all                                                                        (A) another

(C) The all                                                                  (B) the other

(D) The most all                                                         (C) some other

                                                                                  (D) others

 

5. More murders are reported …….…..December     12. North  American  Indian   tribes  used  sign        

    in  the U.S.A than  during  any  other  month.                         language …………..with tribes that spoke a

                        (A) on                                                                  different language or dialect.

(B) in                                                                          (A) to communicating

(C) at                                                                          (B) to communicate

(D) for                                                                       (C) for communicated

                                                                                  (D) for communicate                                     

 

 

 

 

 

 

6. William  Tory  was one  of  the  first educators     13. Adult eagles let their off spring…………..nests  

    interested…………….…..a logical progression             near  their  original  nesting  area.                                  

    of  topics  in  the  school  curriculum.                                           (A) build        

(A) in establishing                                                      (B) builds

(B) for establishing                                                    (C) building

(C) establishing                                                                      (D) to build

(D) to establish   

                                                             

7. Nowadays,  microwaves  are  used  for cooking    14. A cure for juvenile diabetes ………….…..until                   telecommunications  …………………………..            more  funds  are  allocated  to  basic  research.

                        (A) and to diagnose medically                                  (A) won’t develop                                       

                        (B) and medical                                                                (B) aren’t developing

                        (C) and diagnosed medically                                                 (C) don’t develop

                        (D) and medical diagnosis                                          (D) won’t be developed

 

             


1.    If  the  weather  report  calls  for  an  80 %   

     probability  of  rain,  it  means  there’s     

     ..…..………………….…….. it will pour.

a.     not  much hope

b.     very little chance

c.     a good chance

d.     no chance 

 

2.    Paul............……………….............in a song.

a.     ask Art to join him

b.     asked Art to join him

c.     joined Art asking

d.     asked to Art to join him

 

3.     ..........………………......he was only an hour      

       late; don’t be so upset.

a.     All after

b.     Always after

c.     Afterward

d.     After all

 

4.    If you promise…………….…......….... angry     with  me,  I’ll tell you what I broke.

a.     get not

b.     not get

c.     not to get

d.     not getting.

 

5. Geoffrey Chaucer occupies  a .……….….....    

     place in English literature.

a.         most unique

b.         unique

c.         least unique

d.         very unique

 

6. When  you put  up  the shelf, remember that 

     …….nails are needed at each pressure point.

a.         one

b.         any

c.         a

d.         several

 

7. They  always give  the  available  seats     

     to………………………….…. comes first.

a.         whoever

b.         whom

c.         which

d.         whomever

 

8.  Our  father always tended to put Katherine

     and .……………………...........on a pedestal.

a.         I

b.         she

c.         mine

d.         me

 

9.    .........……………………...Pennsylvania Avenue   merchants  formed  a  group  to  decide  on  a special  street  sale.

a.    Any

b.    The

c.    A

d.    Its

 

10. My boss asked me to answer the phone, to take all messages, and …………..…...... some letters.

a.    to type

b.    typing

c.    type

d.    typewrite

 

11. We haven’t seen .……...... her sister…….... her.

a.    neither.……....nor

b.    either....……….or

c.    neither.………..or

d.    either.………...nor

 

12. Nancy asked if she could.....………........... some money  for  bus  fare  to  get  home.

a.    lend

b.    loan

c.    borrow

d.    get from

 

 13. Mr. Lombardi, a  football  coach,  always told his players that winning………….....everything.

a.    is

b.    will be

c.    was

d.    would be

 

14. One of  his  favorite  spiritual  Songo is  « we Are Climbing ......…….............. » .

a.    Jacobs Ladder

b.    Jacob Ladder

c.    the Jacob’s Ladder

d.    Jacob’s Ladder

 

15. Does Betty object to …..…..for her every night?

a.    your waiting

b.    that you wait

c.    since you wait

d.    for waiting

 

16. we  must  leave  the  party  at  exactly         

   9:00 .....…......... we’ll be late for work.

a.    for else

b.    other

c.    else

d.    otherwise

 

17.   She plays the flute .…………..…........an expert.

a.         like

b.         since

c.         as

d.         as if

18.   Their parents and.......………….............went to  

         the same church last weekend.

a.         me

b.         I

c.         myself

d.         mine

 

19.   Neither my brother ……......ever been to Texas.

a.         or I have

b.         nor I have

c.         or me has

d.         nor me have

 

20.   At the bus stop..........…......... a soldier and two      

         young  people  on their way to North Carolina.

a.         were

b.         was

c.         is

d.         sits and waits

 

21.   If the maid comes have her.……….....my shirts.

a.         washed

b.         washing

c.         to washing

d.         wash

 

22.   My  wife  and  I ........…………...smoke,  but we  

        don’t  anymore.

a.         used to

b.         are used to

c.         use to do

d.         used to do

 

23.   The  Welfare  Reform  Bill  was  segmented             

         and then divided…………......three different   subcommittees of the Congress .

a.         from

b.         with

c.         between

d.         among

 

24.   .................…........Ellen, Terri was the only girl   

        who attracted any attention.

a.         Except

b.         Unless

c.         Besides

d.         Accept

 

25.   The children listened ...…....... to the words of their grandfather.

a.    respectably

b.    respect fully.

c.    respectively

d.    respect

 

26.   I have always enjoyed .....…….......... of books.

a.         the kind

b.         this kinds

c.         these kind

d.         this kind

27. Of  Mexico  and Montreal, the former  is..…...

a.         larger

b.         more

c.         Largest

d.         most

 

28. By the  time  you  get  to Dallas  tomorrow, I ........……………...............for South-east Asia.

a.         shall have left

b.         will leave

c.         am leaving

d.         have already left

 

29. In order to proceed we must agree..........…...a plan  of  action .

a.         with

b.         on

c.         at

d.         in

 

30.  We had a.....………….....….............good time.

a.         real

b.         really

c.         most

d.         badly

 

31.  Heather was born .....….... Lima ......... August 7,1966  ...….......  3:30   in the afternoon.

a.         at…....by…...on

b.         in…….in…....in

c.         in…....on.…...at

d.         at…....at.…….at

 

32. Alfred has been out of work….…….three days.

a.         by

b.         since

c.         in

d.         for

 

33.   If  he  had  known  how  to repair the toaster,    

      he surely………………………………….....her.     

a.      would tell

b.      would have told

c.       will tell

d.      tells

 

34.  Is the bus station only twos blocks…….here ?

a.      by

b.      from

c.       to

d.      away

 

35.  That idiom should read :    I wouldn’t touch it   

 with a……………....pole.

a.      ten-foot

b.      ten foot

c.       ten feet

d.      foot ten

 

 

36.  If Jackie is as sick as you say, she...…..…..see  

       a doctor.

a.        better

b.        had better

c.         had rather

d.        would rather

 

37.  Irene………………... New Hampshire in 1976   

       and .……………….........in Virginia since then.

a.        left……………..worked

b.        has left…....has worked

c.         left..……….has worked

d.        has left………...worked

 

38.  Is it time for the game to begin……..………..?   

       No, not ……………………………………….....?

a.        already.……..……...yet

b.        yet........……..……...yet

c.         already……......already

d.        Yet..………...... already

 

39.  Ed promised that he….....finish the work on time

a.         will

b.         can

c.         shall

d.         would

 

40.            Francis has always enjoyed………......English.

a.         studying

b.         the study

c.         to study

d.         study

 

 

41.    …………..……………………........is full tonight.

a.         Some  moon

b.         Moon

c.         The moon

d.         A moon

 

42     ...…..……..practicing with the band this week?

a.         Has been Paul

b.         Has Paul been

c.         Has Paul

d.         Paul been 

 

43.    The committee decided to award the trophy to   

         Rob and....…………………………………..... .

a.         myself

b.         I

c.         my self

d.         me

 

44.    The  detective  thought  the  guilty  party  to be ……...........because I had the strongest  motive.

a.         me

b.         I

c.         myself

d.         mine

 

45.    No  one  objected  to  Harry’s  presiding  over  

          the  condominium  owners’   meeting,  what everyone……......objecting to was his rudeness.

a.         were

b.         have been

c.         was

a.         had been

 

 


                                                                                                                                  



1.      A friend of his recommended…………in this school.

a.     him to study

b.     he studied

c.     that he study

d.     he studies

 

2.  Q:    Did you have a good trip here?

A:    If  I………...….…., I wouldn’t be so tired now.

a.     had had

b.     did

c.     had

d.     would

 

3.  No sooner ……………………….…the phone rang.

a.   did I close the door when

b.   I  closed the door than

c.    had I closed the door when

d.   had I  closed the door than

 

4.  Her  advisor  arranged…………...…..the course for a grade  of  pass / fail.

a.     her to take

b.     for her to take

c.     that she takes

d.     she take

 

5.  ……………information was given to the passengers, and they were angry at being kept uninformed.

a.     A little

b.     A few

c.     little

d.     few

 

6.  The……….……people use fossil fuels, the better it’s for the environment.

a.     fewer

b.     less

c.     few

d.     little

 

7.  No  matter  what  we  do  now, it’s  apparent that the population of the earth……………...…considerably larger by the middle of the next century.

a.     will have been

b.     will be

c.     be

d.     is

 

8.  In none of the travel book……..…………a reference to this monument.

a.     I read did I find

b.     did I read I find

c.     did I read did I find

d.     I read I found

9.  They……………..…….……..if the weather had been better.

a.   might stay

b.   might have been stayed

c.    might had stayed

d.   might have stayed

 

10.   A .………….………money was spent on the project than had been planned.

a.   great many more

b.   quite a bit

c.    great deal more

d.   d. lot of

 

11.   Q:  did you have a car when you first came here?

A:  No. I wish I……..………..  .I would have seen a lot more.

a.   did

b.   had had

c.    had

d.   would have

 

12.   ………….……their older  sisters and mothers, who often had children late, many young women say  they  would  like to raise their  children first and then go to work.

a.   Whereas

b.   In contrast

c.    Despite

d.   Unlike

 

13.   Regardless of……….….…..Russian for years, she was unable to speak it.

a.   she studied

b.   her studying

c.    her having studied

d.   that she studied

 

14.   His doctor  said it was  essential……...……to take the medicine regularly.

a.   that he not forget

b.   that he don’t forget

c.    that he didn’t forget

d.   not forgetting

 

15.   Q:  do you  have  tickets  to  that  concert ?

A:  No, I wish I……..……. It sounds like it’s going to be great.

a.   had

b.   had had

c.    would have

d.   did

 

 

 

16.   Unfortunately,  she  wasn’t  accepted  to  the school she wanted to go to. If she.……..,she would be much happier now.

a.      were

b.      had

c.       had been

d.      was

 

17.   When  I  was  young, I  always  wished  that I ……………...…..a younger brother or sister.

a.     had had

b.     had

c.     have had

d.     would have had

 

18.   Korean families are similar to Japanese families in regard to……………………………….

a.     they are both traditional

b.     the importance of tradition

c.     the former is traditional and the latter is also

d.     their similarities

 

19.   The  student  government  made  a  proposal that  a student………………to choose whether to take a course for a letter grade or for  pass / fail.

a.     allow

b.     allows

c.     be allowed

d.     is allowed

 

20.   If you had done what you were supposed to do, we……….………..in the situation we’re in.

a.     wouldn’t have been

b.     wouldn’t be

c.     weren’t

d.     hadn’t been

 

21.   She  wouldn’t  have  done  what  she  did  if she………………………...so intelligent.  

a.     were

b.     was

c.     had been

d.     would have been

 

22.   By  the  time  you  get  here,  I  think he………………….all of the work.

a.    will finish

b.     has finished

c.     will have finished

d.    will be finishing

 

23.   ……………..people signed the petition, but not enough to stop the building from being torn down.

a.  Few

b.  Little

c.  A few

d.  A little

 

24.   If they…………..…a contract at the beginning, they  might  not  be  involved  in this court battle.

a.     signed

b.     would have signed

c.     had signed

d.     would sign

 

25.   Not until…………..the article…………..that he had won the contest.

a.     did I read……did I realize

b.     I read….I realized

c.     did I read….I realized

d.     I read….did I realize

 

26.   I wish they…………..that noise. It’s driving me crazy.

a. had stopped

b.  stopped

c.  ‘ll  stop

d. ‘d  stop

 

27.   Q:  Are you going to visit you parents ?

A:  I wish I.…..,but I have too much  work to do.

a.   would be

b.   would

c.    were

d.   was

 

28.   By the time he……...his studies, he……..…here for five years.

a.   Will finish……………..will have lived

b.   will finish…….…….will have been lived 

c.    finishes……….…..will have been living  

d.   finishes……………..….will have lived

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


PART B :         Each problem in Part B consists of a sentence in which four words or phrases  are

                                underlined. The  four underlined parts of the sentence are marked a, b, c, d. You are to

                                identify the  one  underlined  word  or  phrase  that  should  be  corrected  or  rewritten. 

                               Then  on  your answer sheet, find the number of the problem and mark your answer.

 

 

1.        The part  of  Northfield  that(a)  interested  them most(b)  were(c) the two colleges they  visited(d)

2.        I want that new car but which (a) is too (b) expensive for me (c) at present (d).

3.        Is Brazil largest (a) country in (b) South America in area (c) and in population (d)?

4.        They (a) too (b) want there (c) names on the programs of the (d)  concert.

5.        Paula doesn’t want (a) to attend (b) the seminar and (c) Sheila doesn’t too (d) .

6.        Sue always drove (a) more carefully (b) as (c) Richard when the weather was (d) bad.

7.        I saw (a) the boy playing (b)  in the yard (c) with the red scarf (d).

8.        Now that (a) the newspaper arrived (b) we can see (c) the scores of the (d) tennis matches.

9.        As far as I’m concerned (a), Wyoming is clearly (b) the more(c) beautiful state(d) in  the United States.

10.     Penny  has (a)  always (b) enjoyed  looking the flowers (c) and  walking (d) through the park..

11.     Carson’s trailer had broken (a) , so (b) he (c) and Polly stayed in a motel the whole (d) time.

12.     After planning the move(a) to Connecticut for(b) months, Gene realized it(c) wasn’t what he wanted(d)

13.     Richie won’t(a) let his sister play with his toy because (b) he is afraid if(c) she will forget(d)to return it.

14.     The teller over there(a), she is the thin lady(b),is the one(c) to see to open(d) a special checking account.

15.     Crying all the while(a) , she  took (d ) her dog to (c) the  pet hospital(d).

16.     Everyone who is from(a) Boston and everyone who(b) has ever been there have heard(d) of the Church.

17.     The eighth month of  the year(a) is august(b), so named(c) after(d) the Roman emperor Augustus.

18.     My sister- in- law (a)  has  just recently (b)  bought a  red new  (c ) car to replace (d) her old  one

19.     The best times  (a) to visit  (b) New England are  (c)  in spring, summer, or in (d)  fall.

20.     That was me (a) whom  (b)  you saw  (c)   on   (d) the train.

21.     I’m tired after such (a) a long day, so (b) I think I’ll (c)  lay   (d) down and take a nap.

22.     Mom, can  (a) I go (b)  to the movies (c)  with Sally this afternoon ? (d).

23.     They rose (a) their hands above (b) their heads when the teacher asked them (c) to raise (d) them. 

24.     When (a) she came in (b), she immediately sat (c)  the package on (d) the nearest.

25.     Peter, as well (a) as his two  (b) sisters Sandra and Emily, are (c) left-handed (d) .

 

 

26.     Neither (a) rain nor (b) sleet nor snow keep (c) the mailman from (d) his appointed rounds.

27.     Its (a) very pleasant  staying (b) at this hotel;  it’s (c) clean, comfortable, and  inexpensive (d).

28.     It was  me (a)  at  (b) the door when  (c)  you were taking   (d)  a bath.

29.     If (a) her father would have lived  (b) three more days he(c)   would have been (d) 100 years old.

30.     Living (a) as though (b) she was (c)  rich, Jan bought overly  (d) expensive clothes.

31.     To slowly chew (a) one’s (b) food is not only  (c)  a polite, but also  (d) a healthy habit.

32.    

 
The Johnson  should of (a) been here by now(b). I can’t understand what’s(c) keeping them (d).

33.     Before Winnie visited (a) her granddaughter’s  (b) home, she sent  (c)  her a gift  in the mail  (d) .

34.     In (a)  1957, Sputnik, the first man-made(b) satellite, was being launched(c)  from (d)  Russia.

35.     When people are careful(a) to keep their(b) cars in good repair, one is(c) rewarded by good(d) service.

36.     Frank and Cathy are traveling (a)   in the Europe (b)  now. They  plan (c)  to visit (d) Germany.

37.     You aren’t(a) the only one who(b) feels (c) that way about John; a lot of people loves (d) him.

38.     We swam  (a) in the Levy’s pool, then brang  (b)  our cups to (c)  the table and drank (d)  coffee.

39.     The results  (a) of this election are more  (b) difficult to predict from  (c)  the last one (d).

40.     Sarah said she heard(a) someone(b)  in the attic, but when we looked we didn’t(c) find someone(d).

41.     Howard Cosell, the sports announcer, says (a)  he always tells (b) it  like (c)  it (d)  is.

42.     Although there are (a)  approximately (b)  120 intensive language institutes in (c)  the United             

          States  in 1970, there are more than  three times as many now (d)  .

43.     Cartographers did not make an accurate map because the political situation in the area changes (a)   

          so (b)  rapidly that they were not able to draw (c)  the boundaries correctly (d)  .                             

44.     Today designers are showing very(a) bright colors that were(b) shorter than(c) those (d) shown last year.

45.     Everyone who (a) saw Star Wars said that it is (b)  one of  the best (c)  science fiction  movies  that had ever been  (d)  released.

46.     If there were no alternative (a) we will(b) try to get(c) enough people(d) interested to charter a bus.

47.     Before  he  retired  last  April (a) ,  Mr. Thompson  is  working (b)   as  foreign  student  advisor

          for thirty years  (c)   at (d)   Community  College.

48.     When  he  tried  to  make (a)  a  reservation,  he  found  that  the  hotel  that  he  wants (b)   was

          completely (c)  filled  because of (d)  a convention.

 

 

49.     The  secretary  thought  that  she  will (a)  have  to wait  (b)  until  tomorrow  to  send  the  letters

          because the mail had already gone(c), but her boss suggested that she take(d) them to the post office.

50.     Although  Emily  Dickinson  publishes (a)   only (b)  three of  her  verses  before  she  died, today

          there  are (c)  more than (d)  one thousand of her poems printed in many important collections.

51.     Between one thing and another(a), Anna does(b) not get through with(c) her term  paper(d) last Friday.

52.     Dew usually (a)  disappeared (b)  by(c)   seven o’clock in the morning(d)   when the sun comes up.

53.     She was among the few (a)   who(b)   want (c)  to quit smoking(d)   instead of cutting down.

54.     It is an accepted custom (a)  for (b)  guests to take (c)  their gifts to the wedding reception when the couple invited (d)  them to attend.

55.     I  thought  that  they are (a)  arriving at the airport (b)  today, but so  far  no  one  from  their  embassy has (c)  called  to confirm (d)  the time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 1. GRAMMAR  
TERMINOLOGY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Active Voice:

The verb form that indicates that the subject of the sentence is doing the action expressed by the verb.

Ø             Linda cooked the meal.

 

Adjective:

A word that describes or modifies the meaning of a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase.

Ø             Little boys.   /  Hot water. / A big car…

 

Adverb:

A word that qualifies or describes the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. it can tell how, where, when, how often, or to what degree.

Ø             Softly, now, here, frequently, rapidly, slowly,….

               

Articles:

limiting adjectives; The is definite; a and an are indefinite.

Ø             The teacher       (specific and definite)

Ø             A teacher           (anyone).

 

Auxiliary Verb:

A verb that accompanies the main verb of a clause or a sentence and helps express its tense, mood, or voice.

Ø             I am hungry

Ø             Sara could not help you.

 

Collective nouns:

The name of a collection, group, or set of persons, places, things, etc.

Ø             Team, jury, audience, United States

 

Colon:

A mark (:) that indicates that something, often a list, is to follow.

Ø             The new Fords are available in the following colors :    

            red, green, blue, etc.

 

Comma:

A mark(,) that indicates a short pause and a separation of ideas or elements in a phrase, clause, or sentence.

Ø             Yes, Jane, you’ll need food, clothing, and money.

 

Comparative:

Describing the degree of comparison of adjectives or adverbs that relates two items.

Ø             She spoke louder and more distinctly than her 

            brother did.

 

 

 

 

 

Complement:

A word or a phrase that completes the meaning of the verb in a clause or sentence. The construction of the predicate can be completed by the complement.

Ø            She is a manager.

Ø            This winter will be long and cold.

Ø            He asked if he could miss practice today.

 

Complex sentence:

A sentence with one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

Ø            When the snow melts, we will plant crops.

Ø            We’ll plant crops when the snow melts.

 

Compound:

Referring to two equal elements that have been joined in a sentence.

Ø            Compound subject:     Harry and Al own a restaurant.

Ø            Compound verb:          they live and work here.

Ø            Compound  adjective:  gig red two-door car

Ø            Compound sentence:   she is an optometrist and  he is  

                                                    an optician.

 

Conjugation:

A systematically arranged listing of all the forms of a verb corresponding to tense, voice, mood, number, person, and gender.

 

Conjunction:

A word that connects or joins two or more words or ideas, showing the relationship between them.

Ø Hassan and Zouhair are old, but they are lively and young in heart.

 

Conjunctive adverb:

A word that modifies the clause that it introduces and that joins two independent clauses. It functions as both adverb and a conjunction.

Ø Nadia didn’t finish her botany course; instead, she took a job and moved to Los Angeles.

 

Consonant:

Any of the 26 letters of the alphabet except a, e, I, o, and u. they function as subordinates to the vowels.

 

Coordinate conjunction:

A conjunction that connects two equal and identically constructed parts.

Ø            And, but, for, or, nor, yet.

 

 

 

 

 

Correlative conjunction:

A conjunction that connects items of equal rank and similar form that are used in pairs. It shows their reciprocal or complementary relationship.

Ø             Neither Hassan  nor Zouhair is here.

Ø             Not only Hassan but also Zouhair is here.

 

Countable nouns:

Nouns that can be totaled, numbered, or counted. These nouns accept a plural form.

Ø             A book          ten books

 

Dependent clause:

A clause that can not stand alone as a sentence; it depends on the independent clause, it expresses an incomplete thought. Dependent clauses are introduced by words such as that, who, since, although, because, etc.